Muslimische Theologen, Philosopen und Mystiker (Zeittafel)

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7. Jh.

ʻAlī ibn Abī Ṭālib (599-661)

ʿAbd Allāh ibn ʿAbbās (619-688)

Abū l-Aswad ad-Du’alī (-69/688)

8. Jh.

Al-Ḥasan ibn Muḥammad ibn al-Ḥanafiyya (-718)

ʻUmar ibn ʻAbd al-Azīz (63/683-101/720)

Al-Ḥasan al-Baṣrī (642-110/728)

Wahb ibn Munabbih (-110/728)

Ǧailān ad-Dimašqī (-vor 743)

Zaid ibn ʻAlī (-122/740)

Ǧahm ibn Ṣafwān (-128/746)

Wāṣil ibn ʿAṭāʾ (-749)

Abdallāh ibn al-Muqaffaʻ - Rōzbih (720-756)

ʿAmr ibn ʿUbaid (699-761)

Hišām ibn al-Ḥakam (-179/765)

Ǧaʻfar aṣ-Ṣādiq (-148/765)

Abū Ḥanīfa (-150/767)

9. Jh.

Rābiʿa al-ʿAdawiyya (714-185/801)

Sulaimān ibn Ǧarīr (-nach 187/803)

Ǧābir ibn Ḥayyān - Geber (721-815)

Ḍirār ibn ʻAmr (-ca. 200/816)

Al-Aṣamm (-200/816)

Bišr ibn Muʻtamir (-210/825)

Muʿammar b. ʿAbbād as-Sulamī (-830)

Ḥišām al-Fuwaṭī (-218/833)

Ḥusain ibn Muḥammad an-Naǧǧār (-um 220/835)

Abū l-Huḏail al-ʻAllāf (-226/841)

Al-Murdār (-226/841)

Abū Isḥāq an-Naẓẓām (-230/845)

Aš-Šaḥḥām (-233/847)

Ǧaʻfar ibn Mubaššir (-234/848)

Ǧaʻfar ibn Ḥarb (-236/850)

Abū l-Huḏail al-ʿAllāf (ca. Mitte 8. Jh.-ca. Mitte 9. Jh.)

Al-Iskāfī (-240/854)

ʻAbd Allāh ibn Kullāb (-um 240/854)

Ḥāriṯ al-Muḥāsibī (781-243/857)

Ḏū n-Nūn (-245/860)

ʻAbbād ibn Sulaimān (-um 250/864)

Amr ibn Baḥr al-Ǧāḥiẓ (780-868)

Yaḥyā ibn Muʻāḏ (-258/872)

Abū Yaʿqūb ibn Isḥāq al-Kindī (800-256/873)

Abū Yazīd al-Bisṭāmī (-261/875)

Abū Saʻīd al-Ḫarrāz (-277/891)

Sahl at-Tustarī (-283/896)

Aḥmad aṭ-Ṭayyib as-Saraḫsī (-286/899)

10. Jh.

Abū Ḥusain an-Nūrī (-295/907)

Abū l-Qāsim al-Ǧunaid (-297/910)

Ibn ar-Rāwandi (-298/910)

Al-Ḫayyāṭ (-vor 920)

Al-Ḥusain ibn Manṣūr Al-Ḫallāǧ (-309/922)

Abū ʿAlī al-Ǧubbāʾī (849-303/916)

Abū Bakr ar-Rāzī - Rhazes (854-925)

Ibn Masarra (883-319/931)

Abū l-Qāsim al-Kaʻbī al-Balḫī (-319/931)

Abū Hāšim al-Ǧubbā’ī (-321/931)

Ḥakīm at-Tirmiḏī (820/830-vor 932)

Ibn al-Ḫallad (-321/933)

Abū Ǧaʿfar aṭ-Ṭaḥāwī (853-933)

Abū Zaid al-Balḫī (849-322/934)

Abū ʾl-Ḥasan al-Ašʿarī (873-334/946)

Abū Bakr aš-Šiblī (-334/946)

Abū Manṣūr al-Māturīdī (893-333/944)

Abū Naṣr Muḥammad al-Fārābī - Alpharabius (872-339/950)

ʻAbd al-Ǧabbār an-Niffarī (-354/965)

Abū ʻAbd Allāh al-Baṣrī (-369/980)

Abū Naṣr as-Sarrāǧ (-378/988)

Iḫwān aṣ-Ṣafāʾ - die Lauteren Brüder (2. Hälfte des 10. Jhs.)

Abū l-Ḥasan al-ʻĀmirī (913-381/992)

Al-Kalābāḏī (-384/994)

Abū Ṭālib al-Makkī (-386/996)

Abū Sulaimān as-Siǧistānī al-Manṭiqī (931-vor 1000)

Abū Salam as-Samarqandī (2. Hälfte des 4./10. Jh.)

11. Jh.

Abū Laiṯ as-Samarqandī (-um 393/1002)

ʻĪsā ibn Zurʻa (943-1008)

Qāḍī Abū Bakr al-Bāqillānī (950-1013)

Abū Bakr Muḥammad ibn al-Ḥasan ibn Fūrāk (941-406/1015)

Abū Isḥāq al-Isfarāyānī (-411/1020)

Abū ʿAbd ar-Rahmān as-Sulamī (937-412/1021)

Abū Hayyān at-Tauhīdī (923-1023)

ʻAbd al-Ǧabbār al-Hamaḏānī (-415/1025)

Abū ʿAlī Miskawaih (932-1030)

Abū Ṭālib an-Nāṭiq (-424/1033)

Mānakdīm Aḥmad ibn Abī Hāšim al-Ḥusainī (-425/1034)

ʻAbd al-Qāhir al-Baġdādī (-429/1037)

Abū ʿAlī ibn Sīnā - Avicenna (980-428/1037)

Abū l-Ḥusain al-Baṣrī (-436/1044)

Abū Saʻīd-i abū l-Ḫayr (357/967-440/1049)

Ibn Mattawaih (erste Hälfte des 5./11. Jh.)

Abū Ǧaʻfar as-Simnānī (-444/1052)

Abū l-ʿAlāʾ al-Maʿarrī (973-1057)

Ibn Ḥazm aẓ-Ẓāhirī (994-1064)

Abū Rāšid an-Nīsābūrī (um 461/1068)

Abū l-Qāsim al-Qušairī (986-465/1074)

Abū Bakr Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad ibn Fūrak (-478/1085)

Imām al-Ḥaramain Abū l-Maʻālī al-Ǧuwainī (1028-478/1085)

ʻAbd Allāh-i Anṣārī (-481/1089)

Abū l-Yusr Muḥammad al-Bazdawī (-482/1099)

Abū Šakūr as-Sālimī (11. Jh.)

12. Jh.

Abū Saʻd al-Baihaqī – al-Ḥākim al-Ǧušamī (-493/1101)

Abū l-Muʻīn Maimūn ibn Muḥammad an-Nasafī (-508/1104)

Ar-Rāġib al-Iṣfahānī (-502/1109)

Abū Ḥāmid al-Ġazālī (1058-505/1111)

Aḥmad al-Ġazālī (-1126)

Ibn Bāǧǧa - Avempace (1095-533/1139)

Abū Isḥāq aṣ-Ṣaffār al-Buḫārī (-1139)

Rukn ad-Dīn Maḥmūd ibn al-Malāḥimī (-536/1141)

Ibn al-ʻArīf (-536/1141)

Abū Ḥafṣ ʻUmar ibn Muḥammad an-Nasafī (-537/1142)

Abū ṯ-Ṯanā’ al-Lāmišī (um 1144)

Ibn Qasī (-545/1151)

Muḥammad ibn ʻAbd al-Karīm aš-Šahrastānī (1076-548/1153)

ʿAbd al-Qādir al-Dschīlānī (1077-561/1166)

Abū Naǧīb as-Suhrawardī (-563/1168)

ʻAlī ibn ʻUṯmān al-Ūšī (schrieb um 569/1173)

Al-Ḥusain al-Karābīsī (-570/1174)

Aḥmad ar-Rifāʿī (1118-1182)

Nūr ad-Dīn aṣ-Ṣābūnī al-Buḫārī (-580/1184)

Abū Bakr ibn Ṭufail - Abubacer (1110-1185)

Šihāb ad-Dīn as-Suhrawardī al-Maqtūl (1153-587/1191)

Abū Madyan (-589/1193)

Ibn Rušd - Averroes (1126-1198)

13. Jh.

Abū l-Faraǧ ibn al-Ǧauzī (1116-597/1201)

Taqī ad-Dīn an-Naǧrānī/al-Baḥrānī (Ende 6./12. oder frühes 7./13. Jh.)

Faḫr ad-Dīn ar-Rāzī (1149-606/1209)

Farīd ad-Dīn ʿAṭṭār (1136-607/1221)

Naǧm ad-Dīn al-Kubrā (1145-618/1221)

Saif ad-Dīn ʻAlī ibn Abī ʻAlī al-Āmidī (-631/1233)

Šihāb ad-Dīn Abū Ḥafṣ ʻUmar as-Suhrawardī (-632/1234)

ʻUmar ibn al-Fāriḍ (-632/1235)

Muḥyī d-Dīn ibn ʿArabī (1165-638/1240)

Ibn al-Qifṭī (-646/1248)

Abū l-Ḥasan aš-Šāḏilī (-656/1258)

Aš-Šuštarī (-658/1260)

Aṯīr ad-Dīn al-Abharī (1200-1265)

Hacı Bektaş-ı Veli (1209-1271)

Ibn Sabʻīn (1217-1271)

Ǧalāl ad-Dīn ar-Rūmī (1207-672/1273)

Naṣīr ad-Dīn aṭ-Ṭūsī (1201-672/1274)

Ṣadr ad-Dīn al-Qūnawī (1209-673/1274)

Naǧm ad-Dīn al-Kātibī (1203-1277)

Sirāǧ ad-Dīn al-Urmawī (1198-1283)

Naṣīr ad-Dīn al-Baiḍāwī (-685/1286)

Abū l-ʻAbbās al-Mursī (-686/1287)

Šams ad-Dīn aš-Šahrazūrī (?-1288)

Saʿdī aš-Šīrāzī (1210-1292)

Al-Būsīrī (-nach 694/1294)

14. Jh.

Badr ad-Dīn at-Tustarī (-1307)

Ibn ʻAṭā’Allāh al-Iskandarī (-709/1309)

Abū l-Barakāt an-Nasafī (1240-1310)

Quṭb ad-Dīn aš-Širāzī (-1311)

Ḥusām ad-Dīn as-Siġnāqī (-711/1311)

Yunus Emre (1240-1321)

Taqī ad-Dīn Aḥmad ibn Taimiyya (1263-728/1328)

ʻAbd ar-Razzāq al-Kāšānī (-730/1330)

Maḥmūd ibn ʻAbd ar-Raḥmān al-Iṣfahānī (-749/1349)

Ibn Qayyim al-Ǧauziyya (1292-1350)

ʻAḍud ad-Dīn al-Īǧī (-756/1355)

Nūr ad-Dīn aš-Šīrāzī (schrieb 758/1356)

Quṭb ad-Dīn at-Tahtānī (-1364)

Al-Yāfiʻī (-768/1367)

Tāǧ ad-Dīn as-Subkī (-771/1370)

Abū Isḥāq aš-Šāṭibī (-1388)

Saʻd ad-Dīn at-Taftazānī (-792/1390)

Ibn ʻAbbād von Ronda (-792/1390)

Ibn Abī Ǧumhūr (-1499?)

15. Jh.

Ibn Ḫaldūn (-808/1406)

Aš-Šarīf al-Ǧurǧānī (-816/1413)

ʿAbd al-Karīm al-Ǧīlī (1366-833/1428)

Molla Muḥammad Fanārī (1350-1431)

Al-Ḥasan ibn Abī Bakr al-Qudsī (-836/1436)

Kamāl ad-Dīn ibn al-Humam (-861/1457)

Abū ʻAbd Allāh al-Ǧazūlī (-870/1465)

ʻAlā’ ad-Dīn al-Qušǧī (-879/1474)

Abū l-Mawāhib (-882/1477)

Ḥasan Čelebī al-Fanārī (-886/1481)

ʻAlā’ ad-Dīn aṭ-Ṭūsī (-1482)

Muṣliḥ ad-Dīn Ḫoǧazāde (-1488)

Muḥammad ibn Yūsuf as-Sanūsī (-895/1490)

ʻAbd ar-Raḥmān Ǧāmī (-898/1492)

Aḥmad Zarrūq (1442-1493)

Sadr ad-Dīn Muḥammad ad-Daštakī (-1497)

16. Jh.

Ibn Abī Ǧumhūr al-Aḥṣā’ī (-1501)

Ǧalāl ad-Dīn ad-Dawānī (-907/1502)

Ǧalāl ad-Dīn as-Suyūṭī (1445-1505)

Ibn Kamāl Bāşā (1468-1534)

Šams ad-Dīn Muḥammad al-Ḫafrī (-1535)

Naǧm ad-Dīn Muḥammad an-Naizīrī (- nach 1536)

Ġiyāṯ ad-Dīn Manṣūr ad-Daštakī (-1542)

Aš-Šaʻrānī (-973/1565)

Muṣliḥ ad-Dīn al-Lārī (-1572)

Nawʻī (-1599)

17. Jh.

Al-Ḥātim al-Ahdal (-1031/1604)

ʻAlī al-Qārī (-1014/1605)

Ḥasan Kāfī al-Āqḥiṣārī (-1616)

Ibn Faḍl Allāh al-Burhānpūrī (-1029/1620)

ʻAbd ar-Ra’ūf al-Munāwī (-1031/1621)

Aḥmad Sirhindī Imām ar-Rabbānī (1564-1034/1624)

Mīr Dāmād (-1630)

Burhān ad-Dīn al-Lāqānī (-1041/1631)

Mullā Sadrā aš-Širāzī (-1640)

Muḥib ad-Dīn Allāhābādī (-1058/1648)

ʻAbd al-Ḥakīm as-Siyālkūtī (-1067/1657)

ʻAbd ar-Razzāq al-Lāhīǧī (-1661)

Muhsin Faiz Kāšānī (-1680)

Kamāl ad-Dīn al-Bayāḍī (-1078/1687)

Ibrāhīm al-Kūrānī al-Kurdī (-1101/1690)

Qāḍī Saʻīd Qummī (-1691)

18. Jh.

Isbirī Qāḍīzāde (-nach 1717)

ʻAbd al-Ġanī an-Nābulusī (-1731)

Abū ʻUḏba (-nach 1759)

Šāh Walīullāh ad-Dihlawī (1703-1176/1762)

Ibrāhīm Haqqī Erzurumī (1703-1780)

Mīr Dard (-1199/1785)

Ismāʻīl Gelenbewī (-1791)

Muḥammad ibn ʿAbd al-Wahhāb (1702-1792)

As-Sayyid al-Murtaḍā az-Zabīdī (-1213/1798)

19. Jh.

Baḥr al-ʻUlūm (-vor 1235/1819)

Maulāna Ḫālid Baġdādī (1779-1827)

Mullā ʻAlī Nūrī (-1831)

Šihāb ad-Dīn al-Ālūsī (1217/1802-1270/1854)

Ibrāhīm al-Bāǧūrī (-1277/1861)

Mullā Hādī Sabzawārī (-1872)

Ali Suavi (1839-1878)

Ḥasan al-ʻIdwī al-Ḥamzāwī (-1303/1885)

Ahmed Ziyaüddin Gümüşhânevî (1813-1893)

Sayyid Aḥmad Khān (1817-1898)

Ǧamāl ad-Dīn al-Afġānī (1838-1897)

20. Jh.

Muḥammad ʻAbduh (1849-1323/1905)

Ahmet Mithat Efendi (1844-1912)

Yūsuf an-Nabhānī (-1932)

Rašīd Riḍā (1865-1935)

Abdolkarim Haeri Yazdi (1859-1937)

Muḥammad Iqbāl (1877-1938)

Muḥammad ʻAbd ar-Rāziq (1885-1947)

Ḥasan al-Bannā (1906-1949)

Mustafa Sabri Efendi (1869-1954)

Bediüzzaman Said Nursî (1877-1960)

Sayyid Quṭb (1906-1966)

Aṭ-Ṭāhir ibn ʻĀšūr (1879-1973)

Muḥammād Abū Zahra (1898-1974)

ʿAbd al-Ḥalīm Maḥmūd (1910-1978)

Sayyid Abū l-Aʿlā Maudūdī (1903-1979)

Murtaḍā al-Muṭahharī (1920-1979)

Muḥammad-Ḥosain Ṭabāṭabāyī (1892-1981)

Muḥammad Bāqir aṣ-Ṣadr (1935-1981)

Fazlur Rahman (1919-1988)

Muhammad Asad (1900-1992)

Muḥammad al-Ġazālī (1917-1996)

21. Jh.

ʻAbd ar-Raḥmān Badawī (1917-2002)

Muṣṭafā Maḥmūd (1921-2009)

Mohammed Arkoun (1928-2010)

Mohammed Abed Al Jabri (1935-2010)

Naṣr Ḥāmid Abū Zaid (1943-2010)

Ṣādiq Ǧalāl al-ʿAẓm (1934-2016)

Muḥammad ʻAmāra (1931-)

Seyyed Hossein Nasr (1933-)

ʿAbdallāh ibn Bayya (1935-)

Ḥasan Ḥanafī (1935-)

Ṭāhā ʿAbd ar-Raḥmān (1944-)

Abdolkarim Soroush (1945-)

Muḥammad Bāsil al-Ṭā’ī (1952-)

Hamza Yusuf (1958-)

Muṣṭafā Abū-Ṣuwai (1958-)

Abdal Hakim Murad – Timothy Winter (1960-)

ʿĀrif ʿAlī Nāyiḍ (1962-)

Tariq Ramadan (1962-)

Ḥabīb ʿUmar ibn Ḥafīẓ (1964-)

Saʻīd Fauda (1967-)

Ḥabīb ʿAlī al-Ǧifrī (1971-)

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