Klassische Tafsīr-Literatur

Vorläufig...

  1. Abdallāh b. al-Abbās (619-688)
  • aṣ-Ṣaḥīfa[1]
  • Masā’il Nāfi‘ b. al-Azraq[2]

 

  1. Muğāhid

 

  1. Alī b. Abdallāh b. al-Abbās
  • Ma’ānī alfā­ẓ al-Qur’ān[4]

 

  1. Abān b. Taġlib (-141/758)
  • Ġarīb / Ma’āni al-Qur’ān[5]

 

  1. Muqātil ibn Sulaimān (x-767)
  • Tafsīr

 

  1. Nāfi‘ b. Abdarraḥmān b. a. Nu’aim al-Laiṯī (-169/689-785)

 

  1. Al-Khalîl ibn Ahmad al-Farâhîdî (/718-791)
  • Kitāb al-ʻAyn:
    • Die exegetischen Teile des Kitāb al-ʿAyn: zur ältesten philologischen Koranexegese. Mohammad-Nauman Khan. Berlin: Schwarz, 1994. Link: http://menadoc.bibliothek.uni-halle.de/iud/content/titleinfo/1351241

 

  1. Abū Abdarraḥmān Yūnus b. Ḥabīb (80/90-182/699/708-798)
  • Ma’āni al-Qur’ān[7]

 

  1. Abu l-Ḥasan Alī b. Ḥamza b. Abdallāh al-Kisā’ī[8] (-189/737-805) aus Kūfa
  • Kitāb Ma’āni al-Qur’ān[9]
  • Mutašābih al-Qur’ān[10]

 

  1. Ibn Wahb (/743-812)
  • Tafsīr: Der Tafsīr von Ibn Wahb wurde in den 90er Jahren entdeckt und herausgegeben von Miklos Muranyi, er verteidigt vehement seine Authentizität, obwohl er selbst ein skeptischer Autor ist. Er vertraut zwar nicht dem Isnād, kommt jedoch durch handschriftliche Notizen etc. zum selben Ergebnis. Das Werk gilt hiermit als eines der ältesten direkt erhaltenen Tafsīr-Werke.

 

  1. An-Naḍr b. Šumail b. Ḫaraša at-Tamīmī[11] (122-203/740-819)
  • Ġarīb al-Qur’ān[12]

 

  1. Abū Faid Mu’arriğ b. Amr b. al-Ḥāriṯ as-Sadūsī al-Iğlī[13] (150-204/767-819)
  • Ma’āni al-Qur’ān[14]
  • Ġarīb al-Qur’ān[15]

 

  1. Abū Alī Muḥammad b. al-Mustanīr Quṭrub[16] (-206/821)
  • Mağāz al-Qur’ān[17]
  • Muškil al-Qur’ān[18]
  • Kitāb Ma’āni al-Qur’ān[19]
  • Tafsīr al-Qur’ān[20]
  • Mutašabih al-Qur’ān[21]
  • Ar-Radd ala al-mulḥidīn fī mutašābih al-Qur’ān[22]

 

  1. Abū Bakr Yaḥyā b. Ziyād b. Abdallāh al-Farrā (-207)
  • Kitāb Ma’āni al-Qur’ān[23]

 

  1. Abū Ubaida Ma’mar b. al-Muṯanna[24] (110-213/728-828)
  • Kitāb Mağāz al-Qur’ān / Kitāb al-Mağāz fi ġarīb al-Qur’ān[25]

 

  1. Abū Zaid Sa’īd b. Aus b. Ṯābit al-Anṣārī[26] (128-215/738-830)
  • Kitāb Ma’āni al-Qur’ān[27]
  • Kitāb Luġāt al-Qur’ān[28]
  • Fawā’id al-Qur’ān[29]

 

  1. Abu al-Ḥasan Sa’īd b. Mas’ada al-Muğāši’ī[30] (-215/830)
  • Kitāb/Tafsīr Ma’āni al-Qur’ān[31]
  • Kitāb ġarīb al-Qur’ān[32]

 

  1. Abū Ubaid al-Qāsim b. Sallām b. Miskīn b. Zaid al-Harawī[33] (155-224/770-838)
  • Ma’āni al-Qur’ān[34]
  • Ġarīb al-Qur’ān[35]
  • Kitāb šawāhid al-Qur’ān[36]
  • Kitāb fī-mā warada fi al-Qur’ān al-karīm min luġāt (lahağāt) al-qabā’il[37]

 

  1. Abū Abdallāh Muḥammad b. Sallām[38] (139-231/756-846)
  • Kitāb ġarīb al-Qur’ān[39]

 

  1. Alī b. al-Muġīra al-Aṯram[40] (-232/846)
  • Bemerkungen zu dem Werk Mağāz al-Qur’an

 

  1. Abū Uṯmān Bakr b. Muḥammad[41] (-248/869)
  • Kitāb fi al-Qur’ān[42]

 

  1. Abū Muhammad ʿAbdallāh ibn Muslim ibn Qutaiba ad-Dīnawarī (828-889)
  • Tafsīr Ġarīb al-Qur’ān
  • Ta’wīl Muškil al-Qur’ān

 

  1. Abu al-Abbās Muḥammad b. Yazīd aṯ-Ṯumālī al-Azdī[43] (-285/898)
  • Kitāb Ma ittafaqa laf­ẓuhū wa iḫtalafa ma’nāhu (fi al-Qur’ān al-mağīd)[44]
  • Kitāb Ma’āni al-Qur’ān / al-Kitāb at-Tāmm[45]
  • Kitāb al-Ḥurūf (fī ma’āni al-Qur’ān ilā sūrat Ṭāhā)[46]

 

  1. Ṭabarī (-310)
  • Tafsīr

 

  1. Az-Zağğāğ abū Isḥāq Ibrāhīm b. as-Sarī[47] (230-311/844-923)
  • Ma’āni al-Qur’ān (wa i’rābuhū)[48]
  • Kitāb al-Ibāna wa at-tafhīm an ma’nā bismillāh ar-raḥmān ar-raḥīm (šarḥ bismillāh ar-raḥmān ar-raḥīm)[49]

 

  1. Abū Bakr Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan b. Duraid al-Azdī[50] (223-321/838-933)
  • Kitāb al-Luġāt (fī al-Qur’ān)[51]
  • Kitāb ġarīb al-Qur’ān[52]

 

  1. Abū Aḥmad Abdal’azīz b. Yaḥyā b. Aḥmad[53] (-332/944)
  • Kitāb at-Tafsīr[54]
  • Kitāb mā nazala fīhi min al-Qur’ān[55]

 

  1. Abu al-Qāsim Abdarraḥmān b. Isḥāq[56] (-340/952)
  • Kitāb (Tafsīr) Ištiqāq asmā Allāh ta’ālā wa ṣifātiha al-mustanbaṭa min at-tanzīl wa-ma yata’allaq bihā min al-luġāt wa al-maṣādir wa at-ta’wīl[57]
  • Risāla fī bayān al-as’ila al-wārida ala al-basmala wa ağwibatihā[58]

 

  1. Abū Muḥammad Abdallāh b. Ǧa’far b. Durustawaih b. al-Marzubān al-Fasawī[59] (258-347/872-958)
  • Kitāb fi al-Qur’ān[60]
  • at-Tawassuṭ bain al-Aḥfaš (al-Muqri) wa ṯa’lab fī tafsīr (ma’ānī) al-Qur’ān[61]
  • ar-Radd ala al-Farrā fi al-Ma‘ānī[62]

 

  1. Ibn Ḫalawaih (-370/980)
  • Radd Kitāb al-Aġfāl[63]

 

  1. Al-Ḥasan b. Aḥmad b. Abalġaffār Abū Alī Al-Fārisī (288-377/901-987)
  • Al-Aġfāl fī-mā aġfalahu az-Zağğāğ min al-ma’ānī (al-Masā’il al-muṣallaḥa)[64]
  • Naqḍ al-hāḏūr[65]
  • Kitāb Tafsīr „Yā ayyuha allaḏīna āmanū iḏā qumtum ila aṣ-ṣalāt“[66]
  • Kitāb at-Tatabbu‘ li-kalām Abī Alī al-Ǧubbā’ī fi at-tafsīr[67]

 

  1. Abu al-Ḥasan Alī b. Īsā b. Alī ar-Rummānī[68] (-384/994)
  • Šarḥ Kitāb al-Ma‘ānī[69]
  • Al-Ǧāmi‘ fī ilm (tafsīr) al-Qur’ān[70]
  • Kitāb ġarīb al-Qur’ān[71]
  • Kitāb al-Mutašābih fī ilm al-Qur’ān[72]
  • Kitāb al-Muḫtasar fī ilm as-suwar al-qiṣār[73]
  • Kitāb al-Alifāt (fi al-Qur’ān)[74]
  • Šarḥ Kitāb al-Ma‘ānī[75]
  • Kitāb Ǧawab Ibn al-Iḫšīd fī ilm al-Qur’ān[76]
  • Kitāb Masā’il Abī Alī b. an-Nāsir fi al-Qur’ān[77]
  • Kitāb Masā’il Ṭalḥa fī ilm al-Qur’ān[78]

 

  1. Ibn Ğinnī (-392)

 

  1. Abū Ma’šar Abdalkarīm b. Abdaṣṣamad b. Muḥammad b. A. b. M. al-Qaṭṭān aṭ-Ṭabarī aš-Šāfi’ī[80] (-478/-1085)
  • Uyūn al-masā’il (fī at-tafsīr)[81]

 

  1. Az-Zamaḫšarī (-538 h)
  • Kaššāf

 

  1. Muḥammad b. Ṭaifūr  b. Ismā’īl al-Ġaznawī as-Sağāwandī (um -560)
  • Ain al-ma’ānī fī tafsīr as-sab‘ al-maṯānī[82]

 

  1. Abū Muḥammad Abū al-Qāsim al-Qāsim b. Firruh b. Ḫalaf b. Aḥmad ar-Ruanī Aš-Šāṭibī al-Andalusī[83] (538-590/1144-1194)
  • Tafsīr al-Qur‘ān[84]

 

  1. Ukbarī (-616)

 

  1. Ni­­ẓāmaddīn al-Ḥasan ibn Muḥammad al-Qummī an-Naisabūrī (vor 706)
  • Ġarā’ib al-Qur’ān

 

  1. Sulaimān b. Abdalqawī b. Abdalkarīm b. a. al-Abbās Nağmaddīn aṭ-Ṭaufī al-Ḥanbalī (657-716/1259-1316)
  • Buch über die Zahlen im Koran[86]
  • Īḍāḥ al-bayān an ma’nā umm al-Qur‘ān[87]
  • Tafsīr Sūrat Qāf[88]
  • Tafsīr Sūrat an-Naba[89]

 

  1. Alā’addīn Alī b. M. b. Ibrāhīm al-Ḫāzin aš-Šīḥī al-Baġdādī[90] (678-741/1279-1341)
  • Lubāb at-ta’wīl fī ma’āni at-tanzīl[91]

 

  1. Abū Ḥayyān M. b. Yūnus b. Alī b. Yūnus b. Ḥayyān al-Ġarnāṭī al-Ǧayyānī an-Nafzī Aṯiraddīn[92] (654-745/1256-1345)
  • Al-Baḥr al-muḥīṭ fī tafsīr al-Qur‘ān[93]
    • An-Nahr al-mādd[94]
  • Tuḥfat al-arīb (adīb) fīmā fi al-Qur’ān min al-ġarīb[95]

 

  1. Tāğaddīn a. M. b. Aq. b. Maktūm al-Qaisi al-Ḥanafī[96] (682-749/1284-1348)
  • Ad-Durr al-laqīṭ[97]

 

  1. Šamsaddīn abū aṯ-ṯanā Maḥmūd b. Abdarraḥmān al-Iṣfahānī aš-šāfi’ī (-749/1348)
  • Anwār al-ḥaqā’iq ar-rabbāniyya fī at-tafsīr[98]

 

  1. M. b. Aḥmad b. Abdalmu’min b. al-Labbān al-Miṣrī (-749/1349)
  • Tafsīr al-Qur‘ān[99]
  • Mutašābihāt al-Qur‘ān[100]
  • Radd al-Ma’āni al-āyāt al-mutašābihāt[101]

 

  1. Šihabaddīn abū al-Abbās A. b. Yūnus b. Abdaddā’im b. M. b. Mas’ūd b. Ibrāhīm b. as-Samīn an-Naḥwī aš-Šāfi’ī[102] (-756/1355)
  • Ad-Durr al-Maṣūn fī ulūm al-kitāb al-maknūn (auch: I’rāb b. as-Samīn)[103]
  • Umdat al-Ḥuffāẓ fī tafsīr ašraf al-alfāẓ[104]
  • Al-Qaul al-wağīz fī aḥkām al-kitāb al-azīz[105]

 

  1. Ḫiḍr b. Abdarraḥmān al-Azdī (-773/1371)
  • At-Tibyān fī tafsīr al-Qur‘ān[106]

 

  1. Qāḍi al-quḍāt Burhānaddīn Ibrāhīm b. Abdarraḥīm b. M. b. Ǧamā’a al-Kinānī aš-šāfi’ī[107] (725-790/1325-1388)
  • Tafsīr[108]
  • Al-Fawā’id al-Qudsiyya wa al-farā’id al-itriyya[109]

 

  1. Abdarraḥmān b. Umar b. Raslān b. Nuṣair b. Ṣāliḥ al-Bulqīnī Ǧalaladdīn[110] (762-824/1361-1421)

 

  1. Abū Abdallāh M. b. S. al-Muḥyawī al-Kāfiyağī[112] (788-879/1386-1474)
  • Tafsīr āyāt mutašābihāt[113]
  • Nuzhat al-iḫwān fī tafsīr qaulihī ta’ālā yā Lūṭ innā rusulu rabbika[114]
  • Al-Bišāra fī qaulihī ta’ālā fa’tū bisūratin min miṯlihī[115]
  • Nail al-Marām[116]
  • Qarār al-wağd fī šarḥ al-ḥamd[117]

 

  1. Muḥammad b. Abdarraḥmān b. Muḥammad as-Saḫāwī (-902/1497)
  • Na­ẓm Mutašābih al-Qur’ān[118]

 

  1. Abū al-Faḍl Abdarraḥmān b. abū Bakr b. M. b. abū Bakr Ǧalāladdīn as-Suyūṭī al-Ḫuḍairī aš-Šāfi’ī[119] (849-911/1445-1505)
  • Tarğumān al-Qur’ān fī at-tafsīr al-musnad[120] (abgekürzt: ad-Durr al-manṯūr fī at-tafsīr al-ma‘ṯūr)
  • Tafsīr al-Ǧalālain[121]
  • Ḥāšiya alā tafsīr al-Baiḍāwī[122]
  • Al-Yad al-busṭā fī aṣ-ṣalāt al-wusṭā[123]
  • Tafsīr von 48:2[124]
  • Tafsīr von Sure 92[125]
  • Al-Qaul al-muḥarrar[126]
  • Daf (raf) at-ta’assf an (fī) iḫwān sayyidina Yūsuf[127]
  • Risāla fī tafsīr qaulihī ta’ālā 2:123[128]
  • Risāla fī tafsīr qaulihī ta’ālā 7:52[129]
  • Risāla fī tafsīr qaulihī ta’ālā 48:2[130]
  • Risāla fī tafsīr qaulihī ta’ālā 74:37[131]
  • Risāla fī tafsīr qaulihī ta’ālā 78:6[132]
  • Risāla fī tafsīr qaulihī ta’ālā 13:39[133]
  • Mufḥamāt al-aqrān fī mubhamāt al-Qur‘ān[134]
  • Al-Qaul al-faṣīḥ fī ta’yīn aḏ-ḏabīḥ[135]
  • Al-Fatḥ al-ğalīl lil-abd aḏ-ḏalīl[136]

 

 

[1] GAS VIII, 21.

[2] GAS VIII, 21.

[3] GAS VIII, 22.

[4] GAS VIII, 22.

[5] GAS VIII, 24.

[6] GAS I. S. 10.

[7] GAS VIII, 57-58.

[8] GAS VIII, 117.

[9] GAS VIII, 117.

[10] GAS VIII, 117.

[11] GAS VIII, 58-59.

[12] GAS VIII, 59.

[13] GAS VIII, 60-61.

[14] GAS VIII, 61.

[15] GAS VIII, 61.

[16] GAS VIII, 61-67.

[17] GAS VIII, 67.

[18] GAS VIII, 67.

[19] GAS VIII, 67.

[20] GAS VIII, 67.

[21] GAS VIII, 67.

[22] GAS VIII, 67.

[23] Flügel: Die grammatischen Schulen. S. 129 f; Ritter: Philologika II. In: Der Islam 17. S. 249 f.

[24] GAS VIII, 67-68.

[25] GAS VIII, 71.

[26] GAS VIII, 76.

[27] GAS VIII, 79.

[28] GAS VIII, 79.

[29] GAS VIII, 79.

[30] GAS VIII, 80.

[31] GAS VIII, 80.

[32] GAS VIII, 80.

[33] GAS VIII, 81-82.

[34] GAS VIII, 85.

[35] GAS VIII, 85.

[36] GAS VIII, 85.

[37] GAS VIII, 85.

[38] FAS VIII, 87.

[39] GAS VIII, 88.

[40] GAS VIII, 90.

[41] GAS VIII, 92.

[42] GAS VIII, 92.

[43] GAS VIII, 98.

[44] GAS VIII, 98.

[45] GAS VIII, 98.

[46] GAS VIII, 98.

[47] GAS VIII, 99.

[48] GAS VIII, 100-101.

[49] GAS VIII, 101.

[50] GAS VIII, 101-102.

[51] GAS VIII, 105.

[52] GAS VIII, 105.

[53] GAS VIII, 106.

[54] GAS VIII, 106.

[55] GAS VIII, 106.

[56] GAS VIII, 105.

[57] GAS VIII, 105-106.

[58] GAS VIII, 106.

[59] GAS VIII, 106.

[60] GAS VIII, 108.

[61] GAS VIII, 108.

[62] GAS VIII, 108.

[63] GAS VIII, 110.

[64] GAS VIII, 100, 109-110.

[65] GAS VIII, 110.

[66] GAS VIII, 110.

[67] GAS VIII, 110.

[68] GAS VIII, 112.

[69] GAS VIII, 101.

[70] GAS VIII, 112-113.

[71] GAS VIII, 113.

[72] GAS VIII, 113.

[73] GAS VIII, 113.

[74] GAS VIII, 113.

[75] GAS VIII, 113.

[76] GAS VIII, 113.

[77] GAS VIII, 114.

[78] GAS VIII, 114.

[79] GAL I,  126.

[80] GAL I, 518.

[81] GAL I, 518.

[82] GAL I, 519.

[83] GAL I, 520.

[84] GAL I, 522.

[85] GAL I. S. 282.

[86] Ahlwardt: Berlin, Nr. 436; GAL II, 132.

[87] GAL II, 132.

[88] GAL II, 132.

[89] GAL II, 132.

[90] GAL II, 133.

[91] GAL II, 133.

[92] GAL II, 133-134.

[93] GAL II, 134.

[94] GAL II, 134.

[95] GAL II, 134.

[96] GAL II, 134-135.

[97] GAL II, 134-135. Auszug aus al-Baḥr al-Muḥīt von Abū Ḥayyān (745).

[98] GAL II, 135.

[99] GAL II, 135.

[100] GAL II, 135.

[101] GAL II, 135.

[102] GAL II, 135.

[103] GAL II, 135.

[104] GAL II, 135.

[105] GAL II, 135.

[106] GAL II, 135.

[107] GAL II, 136.

[108] GAL II, 136.

[109] GAL II, 136.

[110] GAL II, 137.

[111] GAL II, 137.

[112] GAL II, 138-139.

[113] GAL II, 139.

[114] GAL II, 139.

[115] GAL II, 139.

[116] GAL II, 139.

[117] GAL II, 139.

[118] GAS VIII, 117.

[119] GAL II, 180-181.

[120] GAL II, 182.

[121] GAL II, 182.

[122] GAL II, 182.

[123] GAL II, 183.

[124] GAL II, 183.

[125] GAL II, 183.

[126] GAL II, 183. Tafsīr von 48:12.

[127] GAL II, 183.

[128] GAL II, 183.

[129] GAL II, 183.

[130] GAL II, 183.

[131] GAL II, 183.

[132] GAL II, 183.

[133] GAL II, 183.

[134] GAL II, 182.

[135] GAL II, 182-183.

[136] GAL II, 182. Nachweis von 120 rhetorischen Figuren in 2:258.


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